Outlandish Fun with Bannocks and Biscuits, Parritch and Kilts (+ a holiday blog break)

Don your kilts and pour yourself a wee dram.  Today we’re serving up a little festive cheer à la Outlander.

Sláinte Mhath! Cheers!

While others may be channeling elves, sugarplum fairies, and red-nosed reindeer, we in the Alphabet Soup kitchen are getting our Scots on. 

Je suis prest. Et vous?

Ever since experiencing a long Scot summer binge-watching the Outlander TV series and taking a deep dive into Diana Gabaldon’s novels, all we can think about is men in kilts fascinating Scottish history time traveling between the 18th and 20th centuries.

Central characters Claire (Caitriona Balfe) and Jamie (Sam Heughan) contemplate potatoes.

You can really work up an appetite falling through the stones and zipping around places like Boston, Inverness, Edinburgh, Paris, Jamaica, and North Carolina. Thank goodness for the fortifying recipes in Theresa Carle-Sanders’s Outlander Kitchen cookbooks

Based in Pender Island, Canada, chef and diehard Outlander fan Carle-Sanders has done a wonderful job of creating cookbooks true to the series with a blend of historical recipes adapted for modern palates, along with her own creative, period appropriate dishes that reflect two centuries and the cuisines of several different countries (no small feat!). 

Whenever whisky appears in this post, you must sip!

Suffice to say, Gabaldon’s generous bounty of culinary references in the series is a literary feast par excellence. Characters wet their whistles with ale, grog, tea, hot chocolate, brandy, wine, cider, and of course, lots and lots of whisky. 

The Fraser family at the Ridge, North Carolina.

They feast on pheasant, venison, beef, ham, oysters, hares, lamb, chickens, mussels, boar, fish, eels, and haggis, as well as Hershey bars with almonds, peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, fruitcakes, crumblies, tatties, pasties, sausages, nightingales (!) and rolls stuffed with pigeon and truffles, to name a few.

Claire Fraser serves 20th century PBJ sandwiches to her 18th century family (via Outlander Cast).
Jamie eats his with a knife and fork (via Outlander Cast).

Whether a bowl of restorative cock-a-leekie soup cooked in a big kettle outdoors at Lallybroch, or an elaborate, multi-course supper at the Palace at Versailles, Outlander food is its own character, telling stories of people, places, history, culture and heritage. Truly sensory-rich and satisfying! 

Dining at Versailles.

So, are you up for a few poems, a nourishing breakfast, a modest afternoon tea? Relax, enjoy, and give your bagpipes a good squeeze!


🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Parritch and Bannocks 🥃

by Spike Milligan

Why is there no monument
To Porridge in our land?
If it's good enough to eat,
It's good enough to stand!

On a plinth in London
A statue we should see
Of Porridge made in Scotland
Signed, "Oatmeal, O.B.E."
(By a young dog of three)


Since becoming an Outlander fan, I’ve taken to calling my morning oatmeal, “parritch.” Scottish porridge is synonymous with the country; they’ve been eating the stuff since Medieval times. Oats was one of the few grains that flourished in the poor soil and harsh climate of the Highlands, inevitably becoming a staple.

No surprise to find frequent mention of parritch, oatcakes, and bannocks in the Outlander novels. Claire Randall eats parritch and bannocks for her first breakfast at Castle Leoch while waiting to meet the laird, Colum MacKenzie.

I had no appetite for the bannocks and parritch that Mrs. FitzGibbons had brought for my breakfast, but crumbled a bit and pretended to eat, in order to gain some time for thought.  By the time Mrs. Fitz came back to conduct me to the MacKenzie, I had cobbled together a rough plan. (Outlander, Chapter V)

Claire (third from left) sits at the Laird’s table at Castle Leoch.

At Versailles, Jamie Fraser joins courtiers for Louis XIV’s morning toilette. He advises the King, who’s “tight as an owl” to eat parritch for breakfast to avoid constipation.

Jamie and Claire (center) in Paris.

If Scotsmen were stubborn about anything — and, in fact, they tended to be stubborn about quite a number of things, truth be known — it was the virtues of oatmeal parritch for breakfast. Through eons of living in a land so poor there was little to eat but oats, they had as usual converted necessity into a virtue, and insisted that they liked the stuff. (Dragonfly in Amber, Chapter VII)

The Outlander Kitchen (OK) recipe for Mrs. Fitz’s Porridge was yummy; I had mine with dried cranberries, nuts, and almond milk. Next time I’ll eat it the traditional way, with a little salt and a pat of butter. As the superstition goes, while cooking oats, you should stir with your right hand in a clockwise direction to ward off evil spirits. 🙂

Of course I made bannocks to go with my porridge. I’d heard of but never tried them before. Also of Scottish origin, bannocks (cousin to the oatcake) are an oat (or barley)-based unleavened flatbread that’s fried on a ‘girdle’ (griddle) or baked in the oven. The dough is usually rolled into a circle and then sliced into wedges before serving. 

Carle-Sanders looked at 1500+ recipes for bannocks while researching for her cookbooks. That’s because bannocks, which date back to the 8th century, vary widely with regard to type of flour used, cooking method, whether they’re leavened or unleavened, special ingredients added, and/or the names of festivals/rituals for which they are used.

Castle Leoch cook Mrs. Fitzgibbons.

Mrs. Fitz’s bannocks, which would have been on the table for every meal, were probably made of oats, animal fat and water/milk.

Farmers (crofters) used to pack a couple of these heavy and dense ‘hockey pucks’ to eat for lunch out in the field. Just like parritch, bannocks are ubiquitous in the Outlander books.

Modern recipes incorporate butter, wheat flour and buttermilk to tenderize the dough; leavening is also added to make it lighter and airier. The OK recipe calls for yogurt and baking powder, and to make things easier, the dough is rolled into a square, then cut into rectangles before baking (no scraps to re-roll or waste).

They were delicious warm with butter and jam, but would also be good with cheese or dipped into soups/stews. There’s a memorable scene in Voyager where Claire and Jamie enjoy oyster stew and bannocks at Moubray’s Tavern in Edinburgh. 

Enjoy a bowl of nutritious, sustaining parritch on Christmas morning, and while you’re at it, pack a couple of bannocks in your saddlebag to ready you for your next Highland adventure. You may also consider prettying up with an oatmeal face mask. You’ll want to look your best when a hot Scot like Jamie Fraser or Roger MacKenzie sweeps you off your feet. Leave the oats on if you don’t mind a hungry Scot nibbling on your face. 🙂


🎄 Intermission 🎁

Step right up and help yourself!

Time for another wee dram. 🙂 🙂 🙂

Cornelius is partial to Johnnie Walker Black Label.
Perhaps you’d prefer a little Glenfiddich? Paddington Scot likes it better than marmalade. Are you sipping?

To go with your libations, we’ve got Walkers Shortbread Scotties and Tunnock’s Tea Cakes (love them). Are you familiar with Tunnock’s? An iconic Scottish treat, it’s a round shortbread biscuit topped with a dome of Italian meringue, then coated with milk or dark chocolate. The meringue is like marshmallow, only softer. Mmmmmmmm. A family run company dating back to 1890, Tunnock’s is based in Glasgow. They’ve been making the tea cakes since the early 1950s.

While you’re noshing, did you know there’s a Scottish cumulative verse that’s been likened to “The Twelve Days of Christmas”? There are 13 days instead of 12, and the number of gifts doesn’t increase in the manner of “Twelve Days.”


The king sent his lady on the thirteenth Yule day,
Three stalks o' merry corn,
Three maids a-merry dancing,
Three hinds a-merry hunting,
An Arabian baboon,
Three swans a-merry swimming,
Three ducks a-merry laying, 
A bull that was brown,
Three goldspinks,
Three starlings,
A goose that was grey,
Three plovers,
Three partridges,
A pippin go aye;
Wha learns my carol and carries it away?

~ from Popular Rhymes, Fireside Stories, and Amusements of Scotland (1842)

* "pippin go aye" is a Scots word for peacock or parrot

Now, back to our regular programming.


🍓Ginger-nut Biscuits and Jam Tarts ☕️

When I started reading the first Outlander novel, I was hoping for some good tea scenes, and I wasn’t disappointed. The more memorable ones occurred in 1960s Inverness at Reverend Wakefield’s manse.

Brianna (Sophie Skelton), Claire, and Roger (Richard Rankin) at the Manse in Inverness.

Claire Randall and her daughter Brianna spend a lot of time at the manse with Roger MacKenzie, Rev. Wakefield’s adopted son. Roger, a history professor at Oxford, helps Claire and Brianna “find” Jamie by looking through the Reverend’s old papers, journals, and news articles.

Roger and Fiona (Iona Claire).

Fiona Graham (granddaughter of the Reverend’s deceased housekeeper) is very sweet on Roger, and it is she who bakes all kinds of treats for elevenses and afternoon tea. One of her specialties is ginger-nut biscuits, which she also serves Roger at his late night research sessions.

Fiona had brought him more tea and a plate of fresh ginger-nut biscuits, which had sat untouched since he had begun reading. A sense of obligation rather than hunger made him pick up a biscuit and take a bite, but the sharp-flavored crumbs caught in his throat and made him cough. (Drums of Autumn, Chapter 32)

Fiona tries her best to win Roger’s heart through his stomach, but he only has eyes for Brianna. While Claire and Brianna are duly impressed with Fiona’s hospitality, Roger knows she’s actually putting on a show especially for him.

A knock on the study door interrupted his thoughts. The door opened and Fiona Graham came in, pushing a tea cart, fully equipped with teapot, cups, doilies, three kinds of sandwiches, cream-cakes, sponge cake, jam tarts, and scones with clotted cream.

“Yum!” said Brianna at the sight. “Is this all for us, or are you expecting ten other people?” (Dragonfly in Amber, Chapter 2)

I can well understand Fiona’s feelings for Roger, as he’s one of my favorite Outlander characters. This probably has a lot to do with Richard Rankin, who plays him in the TV series (adore his accent).

The OK recipe for ginger-nut biscuits is scrumptious. Moderately sweet, these soft cake-like cookies are all about allowing “the ginger and cinnamon to shine through bite after bite.” Obviously Roger was too preoccupied at the time to truly appreciate them — or maybe having Fiona hover over him affected his appetite. In any case, he missed out on a lovely treat.

If I had been there when Fiona rolled out the tea cart, I would definitely reach for a jam tart. Jam always makes me happy — after all, “jam” is 3/4 of my name. Hence the partiality to Paddington Bear and marmalade, linzer cookies, and Jammie Dodgers. For the Jam Tarts, we used an all-butter shortcrust recipe with strawberry and apricot jam. Yum!

Thanks for the tea and treats, Fiona!

PBJ travels well: Claire packed a PBJ sandwich when she passed through the stones a second time to reunite with Jamie in the 18th century.

Now, about those men in kilts (sigh). While you’re sipping a Scot spot of tea and nibbling on ginger-nut biscuits and jam tarts, enjoy this Robert Service poem.

by Robert Service

How grand the human race would be
    If every man would wear a kilt,
A flirt of Tartan finery,
    Instead of trousers, custom built!
Nay, do not think I speak to joke:
    (You know I'm not that kind of man),
I am convinced that all men folk.
    Should wear the costume of a Clan.
Imagine how it's braw and clean
    As in the wind it flutters free;
And so conducive to hygiene
    In its sublime simplicity.
No fool fly-buttons to adjust,—
    Wi' shanks and maybe buttocks bare;
Oh chiels, just take my word on trust,
    A bonny kilt's the only wear.

'Twill save a lot of siller too,
    (And here a canny Scotsman speaks),
For one good kilt will wear you through
    A half-a-dozen pairs of breeks.
And how it's healthy in the breeze!
    And how it swings with saucy tilt!
How lassies love athletic knees
    Below the waggle of a kilt!

True, I just wear one in my mind,
    Since sent to school by Celtic aunts,
When girls would flip it up behind,
    Until I begged for lowland pants.
But now none dare do that to me,
    And so I sing with lyric lilt,—
How happier the world would be
    If every male would wear a kilt!


Great Scot! Did that set your sporran aquiver? Dinna fash, it’s a good thing. 😀


🎄 Merry Tidings 🍷

Our outlandish holiday celebration would not be complete without mentioning Hogmanay and haggis, the national dish of Scotland. Haggis is served after the oath-taking at Castle Leoch in the first Outlander book, and also to Lord John as Governor of Ardsmuir Prison in Voyager.

Hogmanay spread at Lallybroch (Jamie Fraser’s ancestral home).

In Scotland, Hogmanay — celebrating the New Year — is bigger than Christmas. Gabaldon includes Hogmanay celebrations in both Voyager and The Fiery Cross. It’s a time of music, dancing, and lots of food, including haggis. Who better to recite Robert Burns’s famous “Address to a Haggis” than Sam Heughan? This comes from the Starz “Men in Kilts” series he hosts with Graham McTavish.


Finally, good news for Outlander fans: the long-awaited 9th novel in the series, Go Tell the Bees That I Am Gone (Delacorte Press, 2021) was just released November 23, and Season 6 of the Starz TV series will finally air March 6, 2022.

Also released last month: Sam Heughan and Graham McTavish’s Clanlands Almanac: Seasonal Stories from Scotland (Hodder & Stoughton, 2021), a follow-up to their wildly popular Clanlands: Whisky, Warfare, and a Scottish Adventure Like No Other (Quercus, 2020). Sam and Graham’s “Men in Kilts” series on Starz just got the green light for Season 2. 🙂

Just what we need to tide us over during Droughtlander!

A toast to Outlander! (Are you still standing?) 😀

As we close out another year at Alphabet Soup, we thank you for your kind attention, enthusiasm, support, and wonderful comments.

Wishing you a very Merry Christmas, and a Happy New Year, or as the Scots say, Haud Hogmanay! How quickly the time passes, with much to reflect on, and much to look forward to. Here’s a bagpipe farewell to the old year. See you in 2022!


🎁 MORE 🎄

♥️ These three recipes may be found at Outlander Kitchen online:

Mrs. Fitz’s Porridge

Bannocks at Castle Leoch

Fiona’s Ginger-nut Biscuits from Drums of Autumn

♥️ The recipe for Jam Tarts is from Outlander Kitchen: The Official Outlander Companion Cookbook by Theresa Carle-Sanders (Delacorte Press, 2016).


The lovely and talented Jone MacCulloch is hosting the roundup this week. Gallop over there to check out the full menu of poetic goodness being served up around the blogosphere. Have fun!


Some people just can’t hold their liquor.

*Copyright © 2021 Jama Rattigan of Jama’s Alphabet Soup. All rights reserved.

35 thoughts on “Outlandish Fun with Bannocks and Biscuits, Parritch and Kilts (+ a holiday blog break)

  1. Oh, my gosh what a fun post! In a fit of recent insomnia I marathoned season 4 on netflix. I love the cheeky treatment of your post. And, I’ve skimmed some because I really do need to get ready for school. But, I’ll take some of each, please! Maybe two portions of shortbread–hold the bannocks. Love that poem Yule Time.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for noshing with us, Linda. Happy to hear you binge-watched Season 4! I wish Season 5 would come to Netflix too (it may take another year). Help yourself to more of everything. Merriest of holidays to you and your family!


  2. Oh, bears, look at you! I like Paddington’s kilt. (Duolingo have taught me the word for kilt but I forget it…it doesn’t come up that often.) I love oakcakes, have never tried bannocks. Those jam tarts look divine! Toilichte Dihaoine, Jama! Enjoy the weekend, enjoy the holidays!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Paddington is happy you like his kilt. Oatcakes are very similar to bannocks (I made a sweeter version of them not too long ago that tasted more like oatmeal cookies — not a bad thing). I think they should be called jama tarts. 🙂


  3. What an epic post, Jama, down to the passed out bears! I saw a joke recently about Outlander and the prevalence of kilt wearing men…knee porn! Happy holidays, my friend. 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Knee porn! I LOVE it!!! Thanks, Bridget. As someone whose blog is called “wee words for wee ones,” you fit right in with Scottish lingo. Everything is “wee” — wee lad, wee dram, wee while, etc., etc. 😀


    1. So glad this made you happy, Linda. I got my Tunnock’s Tea Cakes at World Market (cheaper than Amazon). If you like marshmallow, you’ll like them. 🙂 Have a great Christmas!!


  4. My heart is full and pitter pattering from your rich collection of verse, delectables, pics, and music, FANTASTICALLY MARVELOUS POST!!!
    ❤️ All here Jama, guess you can’t tell I’m an Outlander fan! Must try those Ginger nut biscuits too! Wishing you the Merriest of Holidays and Joyous New Year! 🎉🍾🧚🏼

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yay for fellow Outlander fans!! I can vouch for those ginger nut biscuits; will definitely be making them again. Happiest of Holidays to you, too, and thanks for all the joy you bring with your posts. 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  5. I have one friend who, Scottish kin, wears a kilt on some occasions! It’s quite nice as you will imagine, Jama. And I do have a ginger cookie recipe I love but those ginger nut biscuits look mighty good! Thanks for “An Arabian baboon”, my smile today, & all the merry rest of your spectacular post. Merry Christmas wishes to you & yours and the Happiest of New Year welcoming.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Oh, that must be so cool to have a friend who wears a kilt now and then. I don’t know anyone personally who does. I like the ginger nut biscuits because it doesn’t call for molasses like most gingersnap recipes do. That way I don’t have to mess with measuring and cleaning that sticky measuring cup afterwards (yes, I’m lazy). Have the BEST Christmas with your family (hug the grand girls for me), and all the best in 2022!

      Liked by 1 person

  6. I love the Service poem and wouldn’t mind at all if all men wore kilts! This post is fabulous, astounding! Speaking as an oat meal fan. I do need to watch Outlander. Obviously I’ve missed out on something very entertaining. Thank you Jama!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Glad you like the Service poem and that you’re in agreement about all men wearing kilts. 🙂 I do hope you watch Outlander sometime. I’ve started reading the novels — they are LONG (I’m only on Book 4 after months of steady reading), but worth it. The interweaving of history, fantasy, romance, and time travel is fascinating. And Gabaldon tells a good story — never boring.


  7. Jama… this was quite a feat, this post! I can tell that your heart was in it, not to mention various other bits of you. So much goodness, yes, the ginger cookie recipe beckons. I have several Scottish friends, I’ll have to ask them about parritch and bannocks. I’m with you in adding berries & nuts. I’ll think of you with my next wee dram, and send you wishes for a lovely Christmas and New Year. Thanks for this jam-packed post!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks so much for dropping by to read and nosh, Karen. Excited to hear about your Scottish friends. Hope you try those ginger nut biscuits sometime. Do have a very Merry Christmas and a happy and healthy new year!


  8. What an extraordinary post! I loved it all, especially the very last photo. I am a Tullimore’s Dew gal myself, so I will raise a glass and wish you happy holidays. Enjoy your break. Thanks for all the lovely posts and recipes and a year of fun.

    Liked by 1 person

  9. I’ve totally missed the Outlander boat, but you’re making me feel like getting caught up ought to be a retirement goal! Here’s a question for the foodie queen — have you ever run across a recipe for butterscotch pudding? The real kind, made with butter, cream, and scotch, with a bit of scotch floating on top. I had some yesterday at a restaurant and now I won’t rest until I can make it myself!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Sorry to say I’ve never made butterscotch pudding and would like to find a recipe too (Len loves butterscotch). I do hope you climb aboard the Outlander boat, whether by reading the books or watching the series.


  10. Love this! My husband is part Scottish. One of his ancestors was a MacLeod from the Isle of Skye. Back in the summer of 1972, we motored through England and Scotland for three weeks. We stopped at the Glenlivet Distillery up in the highlands. My husband popped into the distillery to see if he could buy a bottle of Scotch. He was gone for well over an hour–while I sat waiting in the car. That was our best vacation ever! Wish that we could relive it. Loved Edinburgh and Inverness.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I have heard the Isle of Skye is just beautiful. How lucky you were to motor around England and Scotland for three whole weeks. I also love Edinburgh and Inverness.

      I just finished reading the Clanlands Almanac — Sam and Graham talk a lot about rival clans and the constant warfare amongst them. I do remember them mentioning the MacLeods. Those early Highlanders were pretty brutal. They’re not called warriors for nothing.


    1. Thank you so much, Margo! This post was fun to do but also a lot of work. Along with previous Downton Abbey posts, this was one of the most time consuming (months in the making, weeks to put all the pieces together and format). Mele Kalikimaka!


  11. I’ve supped with only my eyes and och aye the noo I’m stuffed! You also successfully a) brought me into the know re Outlander and b) made me want to actually watch it. Thanks for taking all the time to create these posts. Your artistry and thoroughness are appreciated!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for stopping by to read and feast, Heidi. I do hope you watch Outlander sometime. There’s something for everyone in the series, whether you like history, fantasy, romance, or time travel. Never a dull moment. Have a great holiday!


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